Uganda is located in the eastern Africa region and has a population of 33.9 million and a GDP growth of 5.8%. The main economic sectors in the country are agriculture and light agro-based industries and the anticipated production of oil in the Albertine Graben is expected to have a significant impact on the country’s economic status.
Despite significant economic progress since 1992, Uganda has a per capita income of $506 and remains a poor country. Furthermore, economic development is uneven and characterized by growing inequality, unequal outcomes at the regional level for education and health, and uneven access to social services
The West Nile region is located within the watershed of the Nile River in northern Uganda. Northern Uganda, which comprises five sub-regions (West Nile, Acholi, Lango, Teso and Karamoja), was affected by serious civil conflict that lasted for more than twenty years over the period 1978 – 2007. This conflict was caused by the expulsion of President Idi Amin from 1978-1979, tension between communities in Northern Uganda, and subsequent rebel activities (including the Lord’s Resistance Army, LRA) from 1980-2007. Furthermore, the West Nile region has been host to a large number of refugees from South Sudan since 1990. Prior to their arrival, a large proportion of the population from West Nile lived in South Sudan and the DRC as refugees. This situation resulted in an enormous humanitarian, social and economic crisis for Northern Uganda with impacts that linger to date.
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